According to the government reports, they planned Pastoralist Resettlement in Afar, Somali (Ogaden), Banishangul and Gambella regions. The goal is to settle pastoral people within their regions through provision of basic services, so they get better living conditions, and there will no cross-country migration. The settlement will be voluntary, which seems to have the blessings of the World Bank and UN “the key development partners”. Under this project the government will receive about $500 million for “building long-term drought resilience”. Both World Bank and United Nations are happy with this project.

In July 2011 Head of Federal Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector (DRMFSS), Mitiku kassa said “in Somali and Afar, the government hopes 500,000 people in each will resettle, while in the western states of Gambella and Benishangul-Gumuz it wants 450,000 to move. Eugene Owusu, UN Resident Coordinator, UN Humanitarian Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Ethiopia said “no doubt” it could have a transformative effect on struggling communities “if it’s done well”.

There was government resettlement programmes in these regions, which was widely criticized by both beneficiaries and donors, there was clear failure with these programmes. However will the Ethiopia’s planned pastoralist resettlement will work this time or not? Is there update about implementation of this project in the selected regions? Who are the actual beneficiaries of the project; local people, Tigrains, militias others? Who are the project managers and key staff members at federal level? What is the role of the regional governments and staff in the designing and implementation of the project? Who are the key contractors and suppliers under this project?

Ethiopian Review 



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