Waxaa maalintii koobaad lagu soo gabagabeeyay si guul ah shirkii Xisbiga Radical Party oo kamid ah asxaabta ugu waawayn wadanka Talyanigu ay soo qaban qaabiyeen, shirkaas oo lagaga hadlayay sharciga iyo arimaha xuquuqul insaanka kaas oo Maanta ka Furmay Magaalada Rome ee caasimada wadanka Talyaniga.

Shirkan ayaa waxaa ka qayb galay wufuud caalami ah iyo xisbiyo badan oo ka socday wadanka Talyaaniga shirkan ayaa sidoo kale waxaa ka qayb galay  Mudane Abdirahmaan Sheekh Mahdi Maadey oo ah Madaxwayne ku xigeenka ururka UNPO.

Shirkan ayaa waxaa qudbad qiimo badan oo taariikh ah  ka jeediyay Ku xigeenka Madaxwaynaha UNPO mudane Abdirahmaan Sheekh Mahdi( Maadey )asagoo ka warbixiyay arrimaha xuquuqul insaanka ka jira Itoobiya tacadiyada lagu haya shacabka Soomaalida  Ogaadeniya.

Sidoo kale mudane Cabdiraxmaan Sh Mahdi ayaa ka hadlay arimaha xuquuqul insaanka ee kajira wadamada aan dowladaha lahayn waxaa kale qudbadiisii kamid ahaa wax yaalihii uu ka hadlay saboolnimada, gaajada iyo sababaha keena isagoo qeexid kusameeyay wax yaalaha keena saboolka oo ay kamid tahay dowlad xumida iyo maamulada oo xoog wax kumuquuniya.

Shirka ayaa maanta kusoo dhamaaday si guul ah waxaana idin la socod siin doonaa wixii kasoo kordha kala soco ONA.

Hoos ka Akhriso Qudbadii Mudane oo Luuqada Englishka quran.

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Hunger, Thirst, War and Poverty in the Third World

The first historically recorded Charter of Human rights was found on the Cyrus Cylinder in 539 BC in Babylon by Cyrus the king of ancient Persia who conquered Babylon. He freed the slaves and declared that all people had the right to choose their own religion and that all races were equal under his rule. In addition, all major religions echo human rights in some form or another despite the fact that practitioners often commit the most heinous crimes against humanity in the name of religion.

Although all cultures incorporated some form of respect of human rights based on natural laws, specifically on their own kind, the emergence and codification of modern concepts of human rights was made universal and accepted in principle by states after the shock of the Second World War in 1945, when the UN was formed. Thus both the UN charter and the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights set a firm foundation for the respect of human rights in the modern age.

However, the enforcement of the Declaration and the related Humanitarian laws that subsequently followed became problematic and highly politicised. States and ruling elites applied or withheld rights depending on how the application of those rights affected their actual or perceived interests. The UN which was supposed to be the forum for protecting human rights fell prey to the whims of the states and no effective and practical mechanism for the unrepresented peoples was put in place. Thus victims had no meaningful recourse to justice. Nevertheless, there are mechanisms for reporting and complaining about abuses in the UN, however, acting on those complaints depends on the wishes of the powerful states, who often act only when they have an interest in a particular area.

This deliberate disregard of blatant violations of human rights in many parts of the world is particularly manifest in conflict areas, specifically, where nations are significantly marginalised and/or are demanding for the right of self-determination, freedom of religion, equality or just representation in the political process.

One key violation that affects the livelihood of millions of peoples in the world is violation of the right to food and reasonable standard of living.

For example, Article 25 (1) of the UN Universal Declaration of HUman Rights states that “everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”. In addition, both the old millennium goals and the new sustainable Agenda of the UN 2030 specifically set goals for alleviating Poverty, hunger and thirst.
The first sustainable goal “aims to End poverty in all its forms everywhere”; the second development goal aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture; and the sixth development goal aims to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

In addition, dignitaries and religious leaders from all faiths extol the need to address poverty and hunger in the world. However, both the UN, states and religious leaders only talk about the symptoms and never emphasis or deliberately avoid to address the root causes of poverty in the world- Conflicts and Wars!

Humanity has the knowledge and the means to feed, provide adequate water and health services to every human being in this world. What is lacking is the political and moral will to address the root causes of poverty, which brings hunger, ill health and disables communities and nations to achieve basic standard of living. Both the UN and politicians avoid to acknowledge the fact that there are direct correlation between poverty/hunger and government policies. This did not factor in old millennium goals and is still not given the primacy it needs in the new sustainable goals that are intended to poverty and the achievement of basic needs for all humanity.

A key cause of poverty is conflict and wars. More specifically, these conflicts are mostly resource based, or arise out of denial of identity or right of choice. When such conflicts arise, one of the first measures that governments employ is to use hunger and thirst as a weapon of war and deny the target population adequate access to food, water and other basic services in order to control, subjugate or silence the marginalised who dared to request their rights. Thus keeping marginalised peoples or communities in abject poverty is one of the arsenals governments use to control the unwanted. Eric Hoffer, in his book, The True Believer, states that “Those born into abject poverty lack the hope of a better existence necessary to join revolutionary mass movements”. Governments seem to have taken literally this outlook and actively strive to keep those not to their liking in conditions of abject poverty.

In order to enforce their hunger regime against target victims governments use a range of tools. First, an undeclared embargo on trade is imposed. Campaigns such as fighting contraband, unjustified hefty taxes, or banning of keep commodities is imposed. Next, target communities’ economic activities are disrupted. For examples, farmlands or livestock are confiscated, fertilisers withheld or supplied only to the complaint, traditional grassing lands are cordoned, youth are forcefully conscripted, taking them out community productive capacity and curfews are imposed in order to restrict movement and used as another weapon to blockade of trade. Thus, the coping mechanisms and productive capacity of the people is severely curtailed. Keep in mind that this communities are already marginalised in education, health and other productive endeavours of the main stream society and are not part of the main work force .

Next, the communities are provoked and branded terrorist and then military campaigns are initiated against them, which allow the government to deny humanitarian access to international donors and to international donors citing security concerns. Thus, humanitarian aid is denied to the victims, except through government agencies, which gives the government further control mechanisms. In addition, this gives further opportunities for the rulers to even profit from their malpractices by diverting aid intended to the victims of their abuses. Therefore the moto is “make them poor while profiting from their suffering” These heinous policies of isolation and deliberate starvation of human beings is even easier in regions where natural disasters are prevalent, such as Horn of Africa and the Sahel.

Although using hunger, poverty and thirst is world wide and is found in all major conflicts zones from Asia to Latin America. Africa is the worst continent that millions go hungry, although it also richest continent on earth in resources and dictators.

I will take the case of Ethiopia in general and Ogaden in particular where the rule of law means the will of the ruling autocrats. Ethiopia is one of the most repressive nations on earth and the most protected. The government is controlled by a single party that rules through extreme brutality and absolute despotism, while claiming to be democratic and developing Ethiopia. One of its show case assertions is that it is lifting the Ethiopian people out of poverty. Since the country is one the poorest on earth, still it is maintain one of the largest armies in Africa. On the one hand, it receives billions of from the international community, specially the West. On the other hand, it is able spend large sums of money of weapons procurement. So far, it has bought 800 modern tanks and heavy weapons from Russia, China, North Korea and Ukraine. While most of the people in Ethiopia are starving. Despite this, The Ethiopian rulers are protected and shielded by world powers and this encourages them to commit more atrocities and totally ignore the rule of law. It is estimated that 96% of its people to be below the international poverty line while it has one of the best agricultural lands and highly valuable resources.

Although, the world bank regularly releases figures that claim Ethiopia growth rate is the highest in Africa, still the UN is requesting urgent funds for 8.5 millions people who are starving and in grave danger unless the international community comes to their aid. Fastest developing in Africa and at the same time millions on the verge of starvation and death. What a naked hypocracy?

This is a classic example of deliberate state use of deprivation and hunger as a means of maintaining control of an unrepresentative and oppressive system. The Ethiopian government controls farmers in the fertile lands of oromia and Amhara regions by offering fertilisers only to those who support the government. Furthermore, any one who dares oppose the government and support the opposition may loose their plot. All land in Ethiopia is owned by the state.
In the case of the Ogaden, where there is strong opposition to it rule, the Ethiopian government is using hunger and extensive human rights violations as a collective punishment against the civilian population. This is further facilitated by the ecology of the Ogaden which is prone to periodic draughts and water less available naturally. Thus, the government can further capitalise of keep the poor hungry and poor.

In addition, since the majority of the population are agro-pastoralists, the government controls and disrupts their traditional means of survival. It controls the few water wells and pond during the dry season and forces them to pay Hefty taxes to allow them and their livestock to drink from their own wells; During the rainy season it bars them from farming, which the community used to supplement their food stocks by claiming that the food is for the opposition forces; it blocks traditional trade routes where the people sell their livestock and in turn buy food and other necessities, under the pretext of stopping contraband. Even more sinister, the government allows extremely limited access of international humanitarian aid during the draughts period and medical support.
Further evidence that endemic and recurrent hunger and lack of food in Ethiopia is man-made can be gleaned from the fact that before the current regime came to power, their regional base used to be the most deprived region in Ethiopia, where in 1984 hundreds of thousands perished and since the sixties Tigray was number one always in the poverty and hunger list. Today, the Tigray region is the richest and there is no report of eminent catastrophe.

We live in an era where there is adequate resources and the knowledge and technology to eliminate abject poverty and hunger from all parts of the world. However, as long as there are states or groups of state who believe in maintaining their power through deprivation of basic necessities of their subjects and the rest of the world is content looking the other ways or supporting those in power at the expense of the poor and disenfranchised, the world will continue to be a dangerous and sad place to live.

I am sad to say that Ethiopia today is a failing state that is on the verge of collapse and if that happens 100 million stateless people of different nationalities and religion who are hungry and mostly young will disrupt the whole fabric of the Horn of Africa and the adjoining regions and we will have a region of three hundred million in danger. Unfortunately, the international community is complacent and using the ostrich approach. As usual we will hear never gain after total chaos starts in Ethiopia.

Finally, I thank the Non-violent Radical Party Transnational Transparty for championing the right to life for the poor disenfranchised multitudes who are deliberately starved in all corners of the world, including the developed world.

Thanks You
1
UNPO-Ogaden Peoples Rights Organisation in collaboration with NRPTT Abdirahman Mahdi

 

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